“Which programming languages should I learn?”
This is the most common question that is frequently asked by beginners and experts alike.
However, the answer is not that simple. There are many factors that should be considered
before deciding which programming language to master.Technology changes every year and by
the time you become expert in a particular programming technology, it can already become
obsolete. Also, programming languages vary greatly in terms of functionality and
application. The type of task one wants to perform mostly decideds what programming language
one should learn. For example, for a static web-based application, learning a simple HTML
might be enough. On the other hand, for developing a more dynamic applications, one might
different requirements as well.
Here’s a list of programming languages that best suited for your requirements.
C++ language was developed in 1983 which is object oriented version of C language. C++ is
one of the most widely used languages of the world. Some of the famous software that were
developed using C++ are Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Winamp, Adobe suites, windows due to
its quick processing and compilation features. C++ developers are in extremely high demand
in the job market.
Java language was developed by James Gosling in 1990 at Sun Microsystems. Java adopted a lot
from C and C++ language in terms of features and capabilities. Java is the first purely
object oriented programming language. Java main feature is “Write Once Run Anywhere” that
added portability to Java. One just needs to compile Java Source code once and can run that
code irrespective of the underlying operating system and hardware as long as a JVM (Java
Virtual Machine) is installed there. Java language is mostly used to develop enterprise
level application, video games and web based applications when used with JSP (Java Server
Pages). Java is a must learn language for every programmer as it has a huge job market.
PHP was developed in 1995. It’s a server-side scripting language that is processed on the
server and end result is sent to the client side webpage in plain HTML. PHP is one of the
most widely used languages used to develop dynamic websites. PHP is an open-source language.
It is easy to learn. One just need to embed the code inside HTML. There are many PHP
platforms available such as Joomla, WordPress, Drupal etc. that makes the web development
process really fast and easy. PHP is a language that every programmer should learn if they
want to pursue a web developer’s career. PHP has a huge job market.
Python is a high-level programming language and is often considered as the easiest language
to learn for its simplicity, readability and easy to use syntax. Python was developed by
Guido Van Rossum in 1991 although it was not used much widely in the beginning. However, the
language has seen great boost in popularity in the recent years due to Google’s support.
Some famous sites operating in python are pinterest.com, instagram.com, and rdio.com.
Developing web based applications in python is easy as it has asso ciated web frameworks.
SQL (Structured Query Language) is not a development language like others but a database
query language. SQL provides a structure in interacting with the underlying database of an
application. SQL is extremely simple to learn as it is very close to the English language in
good command of SQL can help job candidates stand out of crowd. Therefore, learning SQL is
highly recommended .
following are some of the factors in selecting a particular language for development.
- 1) What are the requirements of the application? Web-based, desktop or mobile
- 2) Is it commercial or open source technology?
- 3) What is the job market of the language?
- 4) What is the Learning curve of the language?
In the current job market where competition is high, one must be proficient in at least one
web based, one desktop based programming language, and at least one mobile platform, in
order to stand out among the other job candidates.